Face, Content, and Construct Validity of a Virtual Reality Otoscopy Simulator and Applicability to Medical Training

Authors: Albrecht T, Nikendei C, Praetorius M.

Publication: Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2021 Jul 27:1945998211032897. doi: 10.1177/01945998211032897. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 34313515.


Otologic diseases are common in all age groups and can significantly impair the function of this important sensory organ. To make a correct diagnosis, the correct handling of the otoscope and a correctly performed examination are essential. A virtual reality simulator could make it easier to teach this difficult-to-teach skill. The aim of this study was to assess the face, content, and construct validity of the novel virtual reality otoscopy simulator and the applicability to otologic training.