Effect of music on surgical skill during simulated intraocular surgery
Publication: Can J Ophthalmol. 2017 Dec; 52(6):538-542. doi: 10.1016/j.jcjo.2017.04.008. Epub 2017 Jul 6.
To evaluate the effect of Mozart music compared to silence on anterior segment surgical skill in the context of simulated intraocular surgery.
Prospective stratified and randomized noninferiority trial.
Fourteen ophthalmologists and 12 residents in ophthalmology.
All participants were asked to perform 4 sets of predetermined tasks on the EyeSI surgical simulator (VRmagic, Mannheim, Germany). The participants completed 1 Capsulorhexis task and 1 Anti-Tremor task during 3 separate visits. The first 2 sets determined the basic level on day 1. Then, the participants were stratified by surgical experience and randomized to be exposed to music (Mozart sonata for 2 pianos in D-K448) during either the third or the fourth set of tasks (day 2 or 3). Surgical skill was evaluated using the parameters recorded by the simulator such as “Total score” and “Time” for both tasks and task-specific parameters such as “Out of tolerance percentage” for the Anti-Tremor task and “Deviation of rhexis radius from 2.5 mm,” “Roundness,” and “Centering” for the Capsulorhexis task. The data were analyzed using the Wilcoxon signed-rank test.
No statistically significant differences were noted between exposure and nonexposure for all the Anti-Tremor task parameters as well as most parameters for the Capsulorhexis task. Two parameters for the Capsulorhexis task showed a strong trend for improvement with exposure to music (“Total score” +23.3%, p = 0.025; “Roundness” +33.0%, p = 0.037).
Exposure to music did not negatively impact surgical skills. Moreover, a trend for improvement was shown while listening to Mozart music.