Cost analysis of virtual-reality phacoemulsification simulation in ophthalmology training programs

Authors: Eugene A. Lowry, BA, Travis C. Porco, PhD, MPH, Ayman Naseri, MD.

Publication: J Cataract Refract Surg. 2013 Oct;39(10):1616-7. doi: 10.1016/j.jcrs.2013.08.015.


High-fidelity virtual-reality simulation is gaining popularity as ophthalmology residency programs continue to look for methods to train residents while maintaining patient safety. The Eyesi surgical simulator (VRmagic Holding AG) is a virtual-reality simulator that allows microsurgical practice on a model eye. This simulator has demonstrated construct validity with improved surgeon versus novice performance in simulated cataract extractions.1,2 Practice with simulation has also been shown to improve performance on subsequent simulated tasks.